light brown patch of fur is located on the top portion of the snout. In 2003, only 30 of these small, furry animals were thought to remain in the wild. The reason for this is unknown, as the Vancouver Island Marmots look like other marmot species overall, but can be differentiated due to their darker chocolate brown coat and irregular white patches around the snout and chest. Vancouver Island marmots are roughly the size of woodchucks Scientists think the species evolved from hoary marmots that crossed from the mainland and became isolated from that population about 10 000 to 12 000 years ago, during the withdrawal of the Wisconsin glaciation. The Vancouver Island marmot is found only on Vancouver Island, just off Copyright © Nature Canada. The first month of their M.vancouverensis is defined as a colluvial dweller, meaning it chooses its dens in rocky slopes with loose soils and lots of sedimentation from rainwater. 19 May 2000 Recovery of Nationally Endangered Wildlife. snout ending in a black, flattened nose with large nostrils. The Vancouver Island Marmot is only found on Vancouver Island and as such is one of the most endangered animals in the world. Once the forest regeneration process begins, the marmots are forced out to look for suitable treeless meadow habitats again. mountain meadows, rocky slopes, logged sites, and thick clumps of alder Vancouver Island Marmot PHVA Report 2 Executive Summary The Vancouver Island marmot (Marmota vancouverensis) is one of the top priority species of conservation concern in Canada. Vancouver Island marmots are an endangered species, and their numbers and the belly are also sprinkled with the lighter brown among the The legs Biological Conservation: Reintroducing Endangered Vancouver Island Marmots The Vancouver Island Marmot (Marmota vancouverensis) is one of six North American species of marmots, large members of the squirrel family commonly called woodchucks or ground-hogs. The Vancouver Island Marmot is known as Canada’s panda since it is one of Canada’s wildlife conservation mascots, much like the Giant Panda is in China. In the mid 80’s there were about 300 of these critters roaming around; however, today there are only about 75 remaining of which only 25 are actually living in the wild. Such meadows are believed to have been created and maintained by avalanches, snow-creep or fire, or a combination of processes. The gestation period is roughly one month and the female typically gives birth to 3 to 4 young. That can lead to a situation similar to the African Cheetah, which after centuries of “genetic depression” from interbreeding between fewer and fewer individuals, could effectively be wiped out by disease or significant environmental variation. Recovery projects for this species include captive-breeding and release, in which marmots are captured, allowed to reproduce in captivity, and later reintroduced in the wild. 1994 After hibernating from September-April, they only leave 1 Vancouver Island marmot 2 Contents 3 Description 4 Life-history, habitat characteristics and population trends 5 Conservation status 6 Related species 7 Use as symbol The Vancouver Island marmot (Marmota vancouverensis) naturally occurs only in the high mountains of Vancouver Island, in British Columbia, Canada. There are 14 species of marmots worldwide. The Vancouver Island marmot is unique to the island. mountains, but today inhabit fewer. In example, alpine meadows in Vancouver Island is turning into forest because the trees are growing higher mountainside as the result of warming climate in the area. they feed mainly on grasses and early-blooming flowers, and during the The Vancouver Island marmot (Marmota vancouverensis), like other members of the genus, is fossorial, herbivorous and hibernates during winter. 3-5 Recent decades have seen a drastic reduction in On average, these marmots weigh 5 kg, with males being larger than females. Most colonies contain only a single family group, consisting of one adult male, one or two adult females and a variable number of two-year- Facts/Trivia: The Vancouver Island marmot is the only endangered mammal species found only in Canada. The genus, is fossorial, herbivorous and hibernates during winter marmots live in underground burrows, one. Effort is part of the most endangered mammals of marmots that has resulted from habitat and! 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