irene pepperberg research


Profile: Irene Pepperberg & AlexOne woman's 30-year relationship with an African gray parrot transformed our understanding of bird intelligence. Author Mercedes Lackey creates jewelry that is sold for The Alex Foundation. Irene Pepperberg is Adjunct Associate Professor at Brandeis University and Research Associate and Lecturer at Harvard. “It did take me more than the three years I proposed to do that work, but we did do everything that was in that grant proposal. [1] Pepperberg also serves on the Advisory Council of METI (Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence). She is head of the Alex Foundation and author of The Alex Studies: Cognitive and Communicative Abilities of Grey Parrots. Such revelations only lead to more questions Pepperberg is anxious to probe. When her colleagues at Harvard questioned Dr. Irene Pepperberg’s 2-cup test success that showed parrots are capable of inferential knowledge to make decisions, Pepperberg and students at her cognitive behavior research lab upped the ante from the 2-cup test to 3- and 4-cup tests. At some point, we were doing things people had not been able to do with apes.”. She is well known for her comparative studies into the cognitive fundamentals of language and communication, and was one of the first to try to extend work on language learning in animals other than humans (exemplified by the Washoe project) to a bird species. I am Dr. Irene Pepperberg, a researcher at Harvard University in the field of animal cognition, specifically of African Grey parrots. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. “Imagine that I give you toy A and toy B. Alex could look at them and say, ‘Oh, they are different color.’ Or maybe they are different in their material, or maybe the same color and same material, but a different shape,” Pepperberg says. She has been a professor, researcher andor lecturer at multiple universities, and she is currently a research associate and lecturer at Harvard University. My work began with Alex, a colleague of mine for 30 years, who was shown to have the emotional age of about a 2 year old child and the intelligence of … When some autistic children were taught using the same methods Dr. Pepperberg devised to teach parrots, their response exceeded expectations. In 2016, researchers showed that parrots and corvids have just as many or more neurons as primates do. Pepperberg was the first to demonstrate that Grey parrots learn best through social interaction and that their abilities with respect to various concepts (e.g., number, relative size, same/different, inferential reasoning by exclusion) are equivalent to those of nonhuman primates, cetaceans, and ~5–6-year-old children. Zij is adjunct-professor aan de Brandeis University en doceert op de Harvard University. Twenty years ago, Irene Pepperberg set out to discover whether large-brained, highly social parrots were capable of mastering complex cognitive concepts and the rudiments of referential speech. Funds are donated to the foundation and then are used to help care for her parrots and to document her work. And yet these birds are doing things that in some cases are equivalent to 5- and 6-year-old children,” she says. From work with the single subject Alex, Pepperberg and her colleagues have gone on to study additional African Grey Parrots, and also parrots of other species. But Pepperberg was convinced that birds, especially species that live in complex social networks, were intelligent animals. Harvard University. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2017, Irene M. Pepperberg PhD published Irene M. Pepperberg, PhD | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate When Irene Pepperberg started working with parrots four decades ago, ... Pepperberg’s research with Alex revolutionized the way scientists think of bird cognition. Contact Information. Thanks largely to her work with an African Grey parrot named Alex, Pepperberg showed that birds can understand complicated concepts once thought to be the province of people alone. Alex could understand analogies, numbers, colors, and shapes. Filter: Role. And what could that tell us about our brains?”, Understanding how birds developed their cognitive abilities could lead to new insights about not only avian intelligence but also language and communication in the animal kingdom. Nock Lab. Irene Pepperberg (S.B, MIT, ’69; Ph.D., Harvard, ’76) is a Research Associate and lecturer at Harvard. She is a visiting professor of psychology at Brandeis University and the MIT media lab. She is currently studying the differences in avian and mammalian brain function. a. Alex was capable of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems, showing an innate understanding of numbers. Role/Affiliation. Pepperberg studied primatology and psychology papers by researchers like David Premack, a psychologist who worked with chimpanzees and other primates. Irene M Pepperberg The initial study on avian behaviour [1] was not designed to examine imitation, but nevertheless provided information concerning issues involving imitation. Irene Pepperberg Irene Pepperberg. But that [the birds] understood what these vocalizations meant, and whether we could use that as a window into their cognitive abilities—that was unheard of.”. Fellows and Associates. Some researchers believe that the training method that Pepperberg used with Alex, (called the model-rival technique) holds promise for teaching autistic and other learning-disabled children who have difficulty learning language, numerical concepts and empathy. The main focus of her work is to determine the cognitive and communicative abilities of these birds, and compare their abilities with those of great apes, marine mammals, and young children. She worked intensively with a single African Grey Parrot, Alex, and reported that he acquired a large vocabulary and used it in a sophisticated way, which is often described as similar to that of a two year old child. After 30 years of studying Alaska's Golden Eagles, McIntyre's work has proven vital for understanding the raptors and where they live. When Irene Pepperberg started working with parrots four decades ago, the term “bird-brained” was shorthand for unintelligent. The parrot, in the role of student, tries to reproduce the correct behavior.[1]. “Sure, people understood their song-learning capacities. Although such results are always likely to be controversial, and working intensively with a single animal always incurs the risk of Clever Hans effects, Pepperberg's work has strengthened the argument that humans do not hold the monopoly on the complex or semicomplex use of abstract communication. The Alex Foundation also sells parrot-related gifts to help funding efforts. “People really had no understanding of what these birds could do,” she says. His language abilities are equivalent to those of a 2-year old child and he has the problem solving skills of a 6-year old. Irene Pepperberg worked with an African gray parrot named Alex. Pepperberg says these are among several similarities to great apes, which is one reason she leaned on primate research to develop her experiments. Irene Maxine Pepperberg (born April 1, 1949 in Brooklyn , New York ) is a scientist noted for re studies in animal cognition , met name in relatie to parrots . Irene M. Pepperberg is an associate research professor at Brandeis University in Massachusetts and teaches animal cognition at Harvard University. I am Dr. Irene Pepperberg, a researcher at Harvard University in the field of animal cognition, specifically of African Grey parrots. Dr. Pepperberg is also active in wildlife conservation, especially in relation to parrots. “So, why? Contact Information. Pepperberg and her colleagues have sought to show that Alex can differentiate meaning and syntax, so that his use of voca… The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Pepperberg modified some of his experiments and performed them with Alex, showing the parrot could do it, too. Pepperberg counters critics' claims that Alex has been taught a script by explaining that the controls and tests she uses make it impossible for him simply to recite words when she asks questions. The focus of her work is to determine the cognitive and communicative abilities of these birds, and compare their abilities with those of great apes, marine mammals, and young children. Pepperberg also serves on the Advisory Council of METI. Dr. Irene Pepperberg is a lecturer and research associate at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where her research lab is located. This is more complicated than simply determining whether two things are alike or different, Pepperberg says; few animals have been shown to possess this ability. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. She receives funding only through the foundation - she has no federal funding. Over more than twenty-five years, she has shown that these birds have capacities comparable to nonhuman primates and young children. She is studying the mechanisms of their learning as well as the outcomes. 432 connections. Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. Dr. Irene Pepperberg (born April 1, 1949, Brooklyn, New York) is a scientist noted for her studies in animal cognition, particularly in relation to parrots. Think about that: The last common ancestor was a dinosaur. They are gray parrots, trained... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images P - T. By Lab Postdocs and Research Associates. National Audubon Society Irene Pepperberg Lecturer and Research Associate at Harvard University Greater Boston Area Research. The Alex Foundation, TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, Aviculturalist Society archive of Pepperberg's African Grey study, Account of Alex by an associate of Pepperberg, Website devoted to African Grey intelligence study and care, Account of how the author of Hitchcock's "The Birds" is actually attacked in a very similar real-life scenario, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Irene_Pepperberg?oldid=50989. In irene pepperberg research of food, and could understand analogies, numbers, colors and..., multiplication, and texture a psychologist who worked with chimpanzees and other primates them. Cognition at Harvard Inferential Knowledge to the Test the outcomes of life with her subject! Understanding the raptors and where they live by Alex ’ s ability to learn and started designing her experiments! Trained... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Irene Pepperberg is anxious to probe dominated World. 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